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Difference between File System and DBMS

You must have used a traditional file management system numerous times. Yes, it simplifies our lives by organizing our files. But, have you ever considered adding a slew of new features to it, making it much more efficient in terms of accessibility and a more systematic way of performing operations on your data? That is precisely what a Database Management System, or DBMS, does! A file system aids in the storage of a collection of raw data files on a hard disc, whereas a database management system aids in the storage, manipulation, and recovery of data. In this article, we will discuss the file system, DBMS(Database Management System), and the Difference between the file system and dbms

What is File System?

A file system is a method of organizing files on a hard disc or other storage media. The file system organizes files and aids in their retrieval when needed. It supports a variety of file formats, including mp3, doc, txt, and mp4, and these are also organized into directories. It also has an impact on how data is written and read from a hard disc. File systems are made up of different files that are organized into directories. Other folders and files are also contained within the directories. The file system manages files, names them, assigns access rules, and so on.

Examples of file systems: NTFS (New Technology File System ), EXT (Extended File System)

What is Database Management System?

A Database Management System, or DBMS, is a collection of programs that allows users to create and maintain databases. It is a general-purpose software system that simplifies the process of defining, building, and manipulating databases for various applications. It ensures the database’s safety and security. It also ensures data consistency when there are multiple users. In simple words, a database management system is software that manages a collection of related data. It is used for storing data and retrieving it efficiently when needed. It also includes appropriate security measures to protect data from unauthorised access. SQL queries and relational algebra can be used to retrieve data from a database management system. It also includes data recovery and backup mechanisms.

Example: Oracle, MySQL, MS SQL server

Difference between File System and DBMS

The Difference between file system and dbms(database management system) is that a file system aids in the storage of a collection of raw data files on a hard disc. In contrast, a database management system (DBMS) is a software system that aids in storing, manipulating, and recovering data.

Here we have the Difference between File System and DBMS

DBMS File System
Dbms is a collection of data or software to store and retrieve the user’s data. File system is used to manage and organize the files stored in the computer’s hard disk.
Dbms gives an abstract view of data that hides the details The file system specifies the details of data representation and storage.
Dbms provide a backup means data lost can be recovered In the file system lost data cannot be recovered.
The database system is expensive and complex to design The file system is cheaper and simple to design
Dbms provide multiple users interfaces Data is isolated in the file system
Dbms provide a good protection mechanism In a file system is difficult to protect a file.
In DBMS, efficient query processing is available. In the file system, there is no efficient query processing.
In Dbms, there is more data consistency because of the process of normalization. The file system’s data consistency is poor.
Example: Oracle, MySQL, MS SQL Server, DB2, Microsoft Access, and other databases Example: Cobal,c++

Now we can conclude that a database management system (DBMS) is a collection of data. The user is not required to write procedures in DBMS. A file system is a data collection. The user must write the procedures for managing the database in this system.DBMS includes a wide range of sophisticated techniques for storing and retrieving data. The file system is incapable of storing and retrieving data efficiently. Concurrent data access is handled by DBMS using some form of locking. Concurrent access has many problems in the file system, such as redirecting the file while another person deletes or updates data. In DBMS, redundancy is control. In the file system, redundancy is not controlled. So these are the main difference between file system and dbms.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

Here are some FAQs:

Q1. When should I use a file system and when should I use a DBMS?
A: You should use a file system when you have a small amount of data that is simple and does not require complex querying or management. You should use a DBMS when you have a large amount of data that is complex, requires data consistency checks, and needs to be accessed and shared by multiple users concurrently. A DBMS is also appropriate when you need to support complex queries and data analysis.

Q2. What are the advantages of using a DBMS over a file system?
A: Some advantages of using a DBMS over a file system are:

  • Data consistency: A DBMS provides mechanisms to ensure that data remains consistent and accurate, even when accessed and modified by multiple users concurrently. A file system does not provide any data consistency checks.
  • Query and retrieval: A DBMS provides powerful query and retrieval capabilities through SQL or other query languages. A file system provides limited query and retrieval capabilities.
  • Data sharing: A DBMS provides mechanisms for managing concurrent access to data and ensuring data consistency. A file system does not provide any built-in support for concurrent data access and sharing.
  • Scalability: A DBMS provides features such as replication, sharding, and clustering to scale the system as the data grows. A file system does not provide any scalability features.
  • Security: A DBMS provides features to secure data, such as authentication and authorization, data encryption, and auditing. A file system does not provide any built-in security features.

Q3. What are the disadvantages of using a DBMS over a file system?
A: Some disadvantages of using a DBMS over a file system are:

  • Complexity: A DBMS is more complex to set up and maintain than a file system.
  • Cost: A DBMS is generally more expensive than a file system, both in terms of initial setup costs and ongoing maintenance costs.
  • Performance: A DBMS may be slower than a file system for simple operations, such as reading or writing a single file. However, a DBMS can be faster for complex queries that involve multiple tables or data sets.
  • Skill requirement: A DBMS requires specialized skills to set up and maintain, such as database administration, SQL programming, and data modeling. A file system can be managed by anyone with basic computer skills.

Q4. Can a file system be used as a substitute for a DBMS?
A: A file system can be used as a substitute for a DBMS in some cases, such as for small-scale applications that require simple data storage and retrieval. However, a file system is not recommended for larger applications or applications that require complex querying, data consistency, and security features. A DBMS is designed to manage large amounts of data efficiently and securely, and provides powerful tools for querying, analyzing, and manipulating data.

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