Get free ebooK with 50 must do coding Question for Product Based Companies solved
Fill the details & get ebook over email
Thank You!
We have sent the Ebook on 50 Must Do Coding Questions for Product Based Companies Solved over your email. All the best!

HTML Interview Questions and Answers

Last Updated on July 26, 2023 by Mayank Dham

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard language used to create and structure content on the World Wide Web. It forms the backbone of almost every web page and provides a way to define the structure and layout of documents, including text, images, multimedia elements, links, and more. HTML works together with CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and JavaScript to create dynamic and interactive web pages.

The core concept of HTML is based on the use of "markup" or "tags." HTML documents consist of a series of elements represented by these tags, which act as building blocks to organize and display content. Each element serves a specific purpose and can contain text or other nested elements.

HTML Interview Questions and Answers

Here are some HTML interview questions and answers:

1. What is HTML5? How does it differ from previous versions of HTML?
HTML5 is the latest version of the Hypertext Markup Language used for structuring content on the web. It introduces new features, improved semantic elements, and multimedia support compared to previous versions like HTML4 or XHTML.

2. What are the new features introduced in HTML5?
HTML5 introduces several new features, such as < canvas > for drawing graphics, < video > and < audio > for multimedia content, web storage (localStorage and sessionStorage), web workers, Geolocation API, Semantic elements (e.g., < header >, < nav >, < article >), and more.

3. Explain the purpose and usage of the < canvas > element in HTML5.
The < canvas > element allows dynamic rendering of graphics, animations, and interactive content using JavaScript. It provides a drawing API that can be utilized to create 2D graphics, charts, animations, and games directly on a web page.

4. How do you include audio and video content in HTML5?
To include audio, you use the < audio > element, specifying the source file using the src attribute. For video, you use the < video > element, providing the video file’s source via the src attribute.

5. What are Web Storage APIs in HTML5? How do they differ from cookies?
Web Storage APIs (localStorage and sessionStorage) allow web applications to store data locally on a user’s browser. They provide a larger storage capacity compared to cookies, and the data is not sent with every HTTP request, reducing unnecessary overhead.

6. Explain the semantic elements introduced in HTML5 and their significance.
Semantic elements in HTML5 provide meaning to the structure of a web page. They help improve web accessibility, search engine optimization (SEO), and assistive technologies, making it easier for developers to understand and maintain the code. Examples include < header >, < nav >, < main >, < section >, and more.

7. How do you implement geolocation services using HTML5?
HTML5 Geolocation API allows web applications to access a user’s geographical location. By using JavaScript, you can request the user’s location and process the result for various purposes like finding nearby services or personalized content.

8. What is the purpose of the < svg > element in HTML5? How is it different from the < canvas > element?
The < svg > element in HTML5 allows for scalable vector graphics, defined using XML syntax. It is resolution-independent and suitable for creating complex graphics and animations. The < canvas > element, on the other hand, provides a raster-based drawing canvas and is more suitable for real-time graphics and animations.

9. How can you make a website responsive in HTML5? What are media queries?
To make a website responsive, you use CSS media queries. Media queries allow you to apply different styles or layouts based on the user’s device screen size, orientation, or other capabilities. This ensures that the website adapts and displays appropriately across various devices, such as desktops, tablets, and mobile phones.

10. Explain the localStorage and sessionStorage objects in HTML5.
Both localStorage and sessionStorage are Web Storage APIs used to store key-value pairs locally on a user’s browser. The main difference is that localStorage persists the data even after the browser is closed and has no expiration time, while sessionStorage holds the data only for the current session and is cleared when the browser is closed.

11. What are web workers in HTML5, and how do they improve web performance?
Web workers are a feature of HTML5 that allows running JavaScript code in the background without blocking the main thread. They enable concurrent processing, which can improve web page responsiveness and performance, especially for CPU-intensive tasks.

12. How can you handle offline browsing in HTML5?
HTML5 introduced the Application Cache (AppCache) feature, allowing developers to specify which files should be cached for offline use. When the user goes offline, the cached files will still be accessible, providing a basic level of offline browsing functionality.

13. What are semantic elements in HTML5? Why are they important?
Semantic elements in HTML5 provide meaning to the structure of a web page, making it easier for search engines, screen readers, and developers to understand the content’s context. Examples of semantic elements include < header >, < nav >, < main >, and < footer >.

14. How can you add an image to a web page in HTML?
You can add an image using the < img > element with the src attribute specifying the image file’s URL. For example: < img src="image.jpg" alt="Description of the image" >.

CSS Interview Questions and Answers

Here are some CSS interview questions and answers

1. What is CSS?
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is a style sheet language used to control the presentation and layout of HTML documents, enabling developers to apply styles such as colors, fonts, spacing, and positioning to web pages.

2. How do you link CSS to an HTML document?
CSS can be linked to an HTML document using the < link > element within the < head > section. For example: < link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css" >.

3. What are the different ways to apply CSS styles to an HTML element?
CSS styles can be applied to HTML elements using three methods:
Inline: Using the style attribute directly on the HTML element.
Internal: By placing CSS rules within the < style > element in the < head > section of the HTML document.
External: Linking an external CSS file using the < link > element.

4. What is the box model in CSS?
The box model in CSS describes how elements are rendered on a web page. It consists of content, padding, border, and margin. The total width or height of an element is calculated by adding these four components together.

5. How do you center an element horizontally and vertically using CSS?
To center an element horizontally, use margin: 0 auto; on the element’s CSS. To center it vertically within its parent, you can use flexbox or CSS Grid layout techniques.

6. Explain the difference between display: block, display: inline, and display: inline-block.

  • display: block: Elements with this property take up the full width available and start on a new line.
  • display: inline: Elements with this property only take up as much width as necessary, and they do not force a new line.
  • display: inline-block: This property combines features of both block and inline elements. It allows elements to take up only the width they need while retaining the ability to set height and width properties.

7. How can you apply CSS styles only to specific browsers or versions?
CSS vendor prefixes can be used to target specific browsers or versions. For example, -webkit- is used for Safari and Chrome, -moz- for Firefox, and -ms- for Internet Explorer. However, it is recommended to use CSS feature detection or browser-specific stylesheets instead of targeting specific browsers.

8. What is a CSS selector? Provide some examples.
CSS selectors are patterns used to select and apply styles to HTML elements. Examples include:

  • Element selector: p { color: blue; }
  • Class selector: .my-class { font-size: 16px; }
  • ID selector: #my-id { background-color: yellow; }
  • Descendant selector: ul li { list-style: square; }

9. How do you create a CSS3 animation?
CSS3 animations can be created using the @keyframes rule to define animation steps and the animation property to apply the animation to an element. For example:

Copy code
@keyframes fadeIn {
    from { opacity: 0; }
    to { opacity: 1; }

.fade-in-element {
    animation: fadeIn 2s;

10. What is the difference between inline and inline-block elements?
inline elements only take up as much width as necessary and do not create line breaks. inline-block elements, on the other hand, can have width, height, padding, and margins set like block-level elements but still flow inline with other elements.

11. How can you make a responsive website using CSS?
To create a responsive website, use media queries in CSS. Media queries allow you to apply different styles based on the user’s device screen size, enabling the website to adapt and look good on various devices, such as desktops, tablets, and mobile phones.

12. What is the purpose of z-index in CSS?
z-index is used to control the stacking order of elements on a web page. Elements with higher z-index values appear above elements with lower z-index values. It only works on positioned elements (e.g., position: relative, position: absolute, or position: fixed).

13. How do you apply CSS styles to only the first letter or first line of an element?
You can use the ::first-letter and ::first-line pseudo-elements to apply styles to the first letter or first line of an element, respectively.

14. What is the CSS float property used for?
The float property is used to move an element to the left or right, allowing other elements to flow around it. It is commonly used for creating layout structures but can cause layout issues if not used properly.

15. Explain the difference between em and rem units in CSS.
Both em and rem units are relative units in CSS. em is relative to the font size of the parent element, while rem is relative to the root (HTML) font size. The main difference is that em cascades down the DOM tree, while rem does not, making it more predictable and easier to manage in complex layouts.

Note: Remember that CSS is a powerful tool for web page styling and layout. Understanding CSS concepts and best practices is crucial for creating visually appealing and responsive web designs.

HTML and CSS are foundational technologies for web development, working hand-in-hand to create visually appealing and interactive web pages. HTML provides the structure and content of a webpage, while CSS controls its presentation and layout. Both languages are essential for building responsive and user-friendly websites that adapt to various devices and screen sizes. Mastering HTML and CSS is crucial for any aspiring web developer, and having a solid understanding of these technologies opens the door to more advanced web development skills.

FAQs related to HTML interview questions and answers

Here are some frequently asked questions related to HTML interview questions and answers:

Q1. Do I need to memorize all HTML tags and CSS properties?
Memorization is not necessary, but having a good understanding of commonly used HTML tags and CSS properties is essential. As a web developer, you’ll frequently reference documentation and online resources to implement specific elements and styles.

Q2. What is the difference between HTML and CSS frameworks?
HTML and CSS are core technologies used to build web pages from scratch. On the other hand, frameworks like Bootstrap and Foundation are pre-written collections of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript components that provide a foundation for building responsive and consistent websites. Frameworks can speed up development and ensure cross-browser compatibility.

Q3. How can I keep my CSS organized and maintainable?
It’s essential to maintain clean and organized CSS code to make it more manageable in larger projects. Strategies like BEM (Block Element Modifier) or SMACSS (Scalable and Modular Architecture for CSS) can help you structure your CSS and avoid specificity issues.

Q4. What are media queries, and how do they contribute to responsive web design?
Media queries in CSS allow you to apply different styles based on the device’s characteristics, such as screen width, height, and orientation. By using media queries, you can create responsive web designs that adapt and look great on various devices, from large desktops to mobile phones.

Q5. Is it necessary to use CSS preprocessors like Sass or Less?
While it’s not necessary, using CSS preprocessors like Sass or Less can greatly enhance your CSS development workflow. Preprocessors offer features like variables, nesting, functions, and mixins, which make CSS code more maintainable and easier to write.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *