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# If Else Program in Python

Last Updated on April 26, 2023 by Prepbytes The if-else program in Python is a fundamental control structure introduced to enable programs to make decisions based on conditions. It allows a program to execute different code blocks based on whether a condition is true or false, making it essential for creating complex and dynamic applications. The if-else program in Python provides a way for a program to behave differently based on different inputs or states, which is important for building intelligent and responsive applications.

## The If Statement

A control structure in Python executes a block of code if a condition is true.

### Algorithm for if Statement

Here’s the algorithm for the if statement in Python:

• Evaluate the expression inside the if statement.
• If the expression is True, execute the block of code inside the if statement.
• If the expression is False, skip the block of code inside the if statement and continue with the next statement after the if block. ### Example if Statement

``````x = 10

if x > 5:
print("x is greater than 5")``````

## The If Else Statement

A control structure in Python executes a block of code if a condition is true, and another block of code if the condition is false.

### Algorithm for if-else Statement

Here’s the algorithm for the if-else statement in Python:

• Evaluate the expression inside the if statement.
• If the expression is True, execute the block of code inside the if statement.
• If the expression is False, execute the block of code inside the else statement.
• Continue with the next statement after the if-else block. ### Example of if else Program in Python

``````x = 10

if x > 5:
print("x is greater than 5")
else:
print("x is smaller than or equal to 5")``````

## The Elif Statement

A control structure in Python that allows you to test multiple conditions and execute a block of code if any of the conditions is true.

### Algorithm for elif Statement in Python

Here’s the algorithm for the elif statement in Python:

• Evaluate the expression inside the if statement.
• If the expression is True, execute the block of code inside the if statement.
• If the expression is False, evaluate the next expression inside the elif statement.
• If the expression in any of the elif statements is True, execute the block of code inside that elif statement.
• If all expressions are False, execute the block of code inside the else statement (if there is one) or continue with the next statement after the if-elif block. ### Example Program elif Statement in Python

``````num = 10

if num < 0:
print("Number is negative")
elif num == 0:
print("Number is zero")
else:
print("Number is positive")``````

Conclusion
In conclusion, the if-else statement is a crucial part of programming and allows developers to execute different blocks of code based on specific conditions. It helps in making decisions in the code and is frequently used in Python programming. Using the if-else program in Python can improve the functionality and flexibility of their code. So, the ability to chain multiple conditions together using "elif" statements adds even more flexibility and power to this concept.

Q1. What is the purpose of an if statement in Python?
Ans: An if statement is used to execute a block of code if a particular condition is true. It allows the program to make decisions based on the value of a variable or expression.

Q2. What is the difference between if and elif statements in Python?
Ans: The if statement is used to check if a particular condition is true or false. The elif statement is used to check for additional conditions if the preceding if statement(s) are false. If all conditions are false, the else statement (if included) will be executed. In other words, the elif statement is used for multiple branching within a single condition.

Q3. What is the difference between the == and = operators in Python?
Ans: The == operator is used to compare two values for equality, while the = operator is used to assign a value to a variable.

Q4. What is an else statement in Python?
Ans: An else statement is used in conjunction with an if statement to specify what should happen if the condition in the if statement is false.