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# Python Range Function

Last Updated on February 28, 2023 by Prepbytes

Python is one of the world’s most popular programming languages. It is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. Python has a lot of built-in functions that can be used for different purposes. One of the most commonly used built-in functions in Python is the range function. The Python range function is used to generate a sequence of numbers. It is a very powerful function and is used in many different ways. In this article, we will take a detailed look at the Python range Function.

## What is Python Range Function?

The range function is a built-in function in Python that is used to generate a sequence of numbers. It is a very useful function and is used in many different ways. The Python range function takes three arguments: start, stop, and step. The start argument is the first number in the sequence, the stop argument is the last number in the sequence, and the step argument is the increment between the numbers in the sequence. The range function can be used in many different ways to generate different types of sequences.

### Syntax of Python Range Function:

The syntax of the range function in Python is as follows:

``range(start, stop, step)``

The start argument is optional, and if it is not specified, it defaults to 0. The step argument is also optional, and if it is not specified, it defaults to 1.

### Parameters of Python Range Function

The range function in Python has three parameters:

• start: This is the first number in the sequence. If this “start” parameter is not specified, it defaults to 0.
• stop: This is the last number in the sequence. This parameter is required.
• step: This is the increment between the numbers in the sequence. If this parameter is not specified, it defaults to 1.

### How to Call Range Function in Python

In Python, the range() function can be called in three types, which are:

1. range(stop)
This type of range() function call generates a sequence of numbers starting from 0 and up to (but not including) the stop value. The default step value is 1.

Code:

``````for i in range(5):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````0
1
2
3
4``````
2. range(start, stop)
This type of range() function call generates a sequence of numbers starting from the start value and up to (but not including) the stop value. The default step value is 1.

Code:

``````for i in range(2, 7):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````2
3
4
5
6``````
3. range(start, stop, step)
This type of range() function call generates a sequence of numbers starting from the start value and up to (but not including) the stop value, with a step value of step.

Code:

``````for i in range(1, 10, 2):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````1
3
5
7
9``````

In all three types of range() function calls, the stop value is required, but the start and step values are optional. If not specified, the start value defaults to 0, and the step value defaults to 1.

### Examples of Python Range Function

Let us understand the range Function in python with the help of the following examples.

Example 1: Generating a sequence of numbers
The Python range function can be used to generate a sequence of numbers. For example, to generate a sequence of numbers from 0 to 10, we can use the following code:

``````for i in range(0, 11):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10``````

Example 2: Generating a sequence of numbers with a step
The range function can also be used to generate a sequence of numbers with a step. For example, to generate a sequence of numbers from 0 to 10 with a step of 2, we can use the following code:

``````for i in range(0, 11, 2):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````0
2
4
6
8
10``````

Example 3: Generating a sequence of numbers in reverse
The range function can also be used to generate a sequence of numbers in reverse. For example, to generate a sequence of numbers from 10 to 0, we can use the following code:

``````for i in range(10, -1, -1):
print(i)``````

Output:

``````10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0``````

Example 4: Creating a list of numbers
The Python range function can be used to create a list of numbers. For example, to create a list of numbers from 0 to 10, we can use the following code:

``````numbers = list(range(0, 11))
print(numbers)``````

Output:

``[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]``

Example 5: Checking if a number is in a range
The range function can also be used to check if a number is in a range. For example, to check if the number 5 is in the range from 0 to 10, we can use the following code:

``````if 5 in range(0, 11):
print("5 is in the range")
else:
print("5 is not in the range")``````

Output:

``5 is in the range``

Conclusion
In conclusion, the Python range Function is a very useful built-in function that can be used to generate a sequence of numbers. It has three parameters: start, stop, and step. The start and step parameters are optional, and if they are not specified, they default to 0 and 1 respectively. The range function can be used in many different ways to generate different types of sequences, such as a sequence of numbers, a sequence of numbers with a step, a sequence of numbers in reverse, and a list of numbers. It can also be used to check if a number is in a range. The range function is a very powerful function and is used in many different applications in Python.

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions on Python range Function:

Ques 1. What is the purpose of the range function in Python?
Ans. The range function in Python is used to generate a sequence of numbers. It can be used to create a sequence of numbers with specified start, stop, and step values. It is a very useful function and is used in many different ways in Python.

Ques 2 Can the range function be used to check if a number is in a range?
Ans. Yes, the range function can be used to check if a number is in a range by using the ‘in’ operator. For example, if 5 in range(0, 10) will return True.

Ques 3. Is the start value in the range function inclusive or exclusive?
Ans. The start value in the range function is inclusive, which means it is included in the sequence of numbers.

Ques 4. Is the stop value in the range function inclusive or exclusive?
Ans. The stop value in the range function is exclusive, which means it is not included in the sequence of numbers.

Ques 5. What happens if the start value is greater than the stop value in the range function?
Ans. If the start value is greater than the stop value in the range function, an empty sequence will be generated.