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# Python Ternary Operator

Last Updated on March 10, 2023 by Abhishek Sharma

Python is one of the most popular programming languages used for web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and many other applications. One of the reasons for its popularity is its readability and ease of use. Python’s syntax is simple, clear, and concise, making it easy for developers to read and write code.

In Python, there are several operators available that perform different operations. One of these operators is the Ternary Operator, which is used to simplify conditional expressions. In this article, we will discuss the ternary operator in detail.

## What is a Python Ternary Operator?

The Ternary Operator in Python is a shorthand way of writing conditional expressions. It allows developers to write a compact code block to evaluate a condition and return a value based on that condition.

The Ternary Operator is also known as a conditional operator, which means it works based on a condition. The ternary operator is an alternative to the if-else statement. It allows the developer to write a single line of code that replaces the if-else statement.

The ternary operator takes three operands; hence it is called a ternary operator. The operands are a condition, a value to return if the condition is true, and a value to return if the condition is false.

## Syntax of Python Ternary Operator

The syntax of the Python ternary operator is as follows:

``value_if_true if condition else value_if_false``

Here, the value_if_true is returned if the condition is true, and the value_if_false is returned if the condition is false.

## Examples of Python Ternary Operator

Here are some examples of the ternary operator in Python:

Example 1: Check If a Number is Even or Odd using Python Ternary Operator
We can use the Python ternary operator to check whether a given number is even or odd.

Code:

```num = 5
result = "Even" if num % 2 == 0 else "Odd"
print(result)```

Output:

``Odd``

Explanation:
In this example, we have assigned the value 5 to the variable num. Here we want to check whether the specified number is odd or even. We use the ternary operator to check whether the remainder of the number when divided by 2 is zero or not. If the remainder is zero, then the number is even, and the string "Even" is assigned to the variable result. Otherwise, the number is odd, and the string "Odd" is assigned to the variable result. The output of this code block will be "Odd".

Example 2: Find the Maximum of Three Numbers using the Python Ternary Operator
We can use the Python ternary operator to find the maximum of three numbers.

Code:

```num1 = 5
num2 = 10
num3 = 7

max = num1 if num1 > num2 and num1 > num3 else num2 if num2 > num3 else num3
print(max)```

Output:

``10``

Explanation:
In this example, we have three variables num1, num2, and num3. We want to find the maximum of these three numbers. We use the ternary operator to find the maximum number. First, we check if num1 is greater than num2 and num3. If it is true, then num1 is assigned to the max. If it is false, we check if num2 is greater than num3. If it is true, then num2 is assigned to the max. Otherwise, num3 is assigned to the max. The output of this code block will be 10.

Example 3: Check If a String is Empty or Not using the Python Ternary Operator
We can use the Python ternary operator to check if a string is empty or not.

Code:

```string = ""
result = "Empty" if not string else "Not Empty"
print(result)```

Output:

``Empty``

Explanation:
In this example, we have assigned an empty string to the variable string. Here our intent is to find whether the string is empty or not. We use the ternary operator to check if the string is empty or not. If the string is empty, then the string "Empty" is assigned to the variable result. Otherwise, the string "Not Empty" is assigned to the variable result. The output of this code block will be "Empty".

## Advantages of Python Ternary Operator

Here are some advantages of using the ternary operator in Python:

• Readability: The ternary operator makes the code more readable and understandable. It reduces the number of lines of code, making it easier to read and understand.
• Concise code: The ternary operator allows the developer to write concise and compact code. It reduces the code’s complexity and makes it more efficient.
• Faster execution: The ternary operator is faster than the if-else statement. It executes faster and takes less time to execute, making the code more efficient.
• Easier debugging: The ternary operator makes it easier to debug the code. It reduces the number of lines of code, making it easier to find errors and fix them.
• Better maintainability: The ternary operator makes the code more maintainable. It reduces the code’s complexity, making it easier to maintain and update.

## Disadvantages of Python Ternary Operator

Here are some disadvantages of using the ternary operator in Python:

• Limited functionality: The ternary operator has limited functionality. It can only be used for simple conditional expressions. If the condition is complex, then the if-else statement is a better option.
• Decreased readability: The ternary operator can decrease the code’s readability if the condition is too complex. It can be difficult to understand and can make the code harder to maintain.
• Difficulty in debugging: The ternary operator can be difficult to debug if the condition is too complex. It can make it harder to find errors and fix them.
• Poor code structure: The ternary operator can lead to poor code structure if used excessively. It can make the code harder to understand and maintain.

Conclusion
The Ternary Operator in Python is a useful operator that allows developers to write compact and efficient code. It simplifies conditional expressions and makes the code more readable and understandable. However, the ternary operator should be used judiciously and only for simple conditional expressions. If the condition is complex, then the if-else statement is a better option.

Here are some FAQs on Python Ternary Operators.

Ques 1. Can the ternary operator be nested in Python?
Ans. Yes, the ternary operator can be nested in Python. However, it is important to keep in mind that excessive nesting of the ternary operator can make code less readable and harder to understand.

Ques 2. Can the Python ternary operator be used with multiple conditions?
Ans. No, the ternary operator can only be used with a single condition in Python. If multiple conditions need to be evaluated, it is better to use a regular if-else statement.

Ques 3. Is the ternary operator faster than a regular if-else statement in Python?
Ans. The ternary operator and regular if-else statement have the same performance in Python. Both methods have the same time complexity and take the same amount of time to execute.

Ques 4. Can the ternary operator be used with functions in Python?
Ans. Yes, the ternary operator can be used with functions in Python. The result of the ternary operator can be passed as an argument to a function or returned as the result of a function.

Ques 5. Can the ternary operator be used to raise exceptions in Python?
Ans. Yes, the ternary operator can be used to raise exceptions in Python. The value_if_false in the ternary operator can be an exception that is raised if the condition is False.

Ques 6. Is it necessary to use parentheses when using the ternary operator in Python?
Ans. It is not necessary to use parentheses when using the ternary operator in Python. However, using parentheses can make the code more readable and help to avoid confusion.