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Hello World Program in C++

Last Updated on April 17, 2023 by Prepbytes

C++ is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It is widely used for developing system software, application software, device drivers, and video games. One of the simplest programs that can be written in it is the C++ Hello World program, which displays the message "Hello World" on the console. In this article, we will see how we can write a C++ Hello World program. So, without wasting any more time, lets us examine the C++ Hello World program.

Implementation of C++ Hello World Program

Below is the code implementation of the C++ Hello World Program

// Header file for input-output functions
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;  
// Main() function: where the execution of the program begins
int main()
    // prints hello world
    cout<<"Hello World!";  
    return 0;
Output: Hello world!

Explanation: This is a simple C++ program that uses the input-output library to display the message "Hello World!" on the console. The main() function is the entry point of the program, and it is where the execution of the program begins. The cout statement is used to output the message "Hello World!" to the console. Finally, the return 0; statement is used to indicate that the program has terminated successfully, and it returns a value of 0 to the operating system.

Terminologies Used in the C++ Hello World Program

  1. C++ program to display “Hello World”, This line serves as a comment. To display further program-related information, a comment is utilized. There is no programming logic in a comment. A compiler simply passes over a line of code when it comes across a comment. In C++, a comment is defined as any line beginning with ‘//’ without quotes OR between //.
  2. All lines in C++ that begin with the pound (#) symbol are known as directives, and they are handled by a preprocessor, a program that the compiler calls on. The compiler is instructed to include a file and #include< iostream > via the #include directive. The standard iostream file, which includes declarations for all of the standard input/output library functions, is included, instructing the compiler to do so.
  3. Using the namespace std, the application can import the entire std namespace into its current namespace. It’s generally agreed upon that utilizing the namespace std in a statement is not a good idea. All type definitions from a namespace are effectively added to the current scope when we import it. The standard namespace is enormous. The alternative to this statement is to use the scope operator(::) each time we create a type to identify the namespace to which the identifier belongs.
  4. This line declares the function "main" which returns data of the integer type. int main() A function is a collection of statements created with a specific purpose in mind. No matter where a function appears in a C++ program, it is the main() function that starts the program’s execution. Thus, the main() method is a need for all C++ programs.
  5. Both the opening braces ‘{‘ and the closing braces ‘}’ denote the start and finish of the main function, respectively. The area in between these two is the main function’s body.
  6. std::cout<<“Hello World”;: The compiler is instructed to show the message "Hello World" on the screen by this line. In C++, this line is referred to as a statement. Every sentence has a certain purpose. A statement is concluded with a semicolon, ";". The statement is marked with a semicolon at the end to signify that it is finished. The standard character output device, which is often the desktop screen, is identified with the std::cout command. The character "<<" is followed by everything that is displayed on the output device.
  7. Return 0; is a statement as well. This sentence denotes the completion of a function and is used to return a value from one. Basically, this statement is used in functions to return the outcomes of the actions taken by a function.
  8. As you can see, the return statement and bracket have been indented or shifted to the right. To make the code easier to read, this is done. It doesn’t matter much in a program like Hello World, but as the program gets more complicated, it makes the code more understandable and less prone to mistakes. Therefore, to make the code more legible, you must always utilize indentations and comment

Some Things to Consider When Writing C++ Code

  • Include all required header files to ensure that functions work smoothly. For example, in order to use std::cin and std::cout, < iostream> must be included.
  • The main() function is where the code execution begins.
  • Indentation and comments in programs are recommended for easy comprehension.
  • cout is used to print statements, and cin is used to take input.

In conclusion, the C++ Hello World program displays a “Hello World” message on the console, this program demonstrates the basic syntax and structure of the language, making it an excellent starting point for beginners learning to code in C++. With continued practice and study, you can become proficient in C++ and use it to create complex programs and applications.


Here are some frequently asked questions related to C++ Hello World Program.

Q1: Why is a Hello World program used as the first program in C++?
Ans: C++ Hello World program is an ideal first program because it is easy to understand, simple to write, and can help you understand the basic structure and syntax of the C++ language.

Q2: What is the purpose of including the iostream library in the C++ Hello World program?
Ans: The iostream library provides the necessary input-output functions for reading and writing data in C++.

Q3: Why do we use the "using namespace std" statement in the C++ Hello World program?
Ans: The "using namespace std" statement is used to avoid having to use the std:: prefix before every input-output function used in the program.

Q4: What is the purpose of the main() function in the C++ Hello World program?
Ans: The main() function is the entry point of the C++ Hello World program, and it is where the execution of the program begins.

Q5: Can we use a different message instead of "Hello World" in the program?
Ans: Yes, you can use any message you want in the program.

Q6: What are the differences between C and C++?
Ans: C++ is an extension of C that includes object-oriented programming concepts such as classes, objects, and inheritance.

Other C++ Programs

C++ Program to Add Two Numbers
C++ Program to Reverse a Number
C++ program for heap sort
Bubble Sort in C++ with Program Code and Example

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