Get free ebooK with 50 must do coding Question for Product Based Companies solved
Fill the details & get ebook over email
Thank You!
We have sent the Ebook on 50 Must Do Coding Questions for Product Based Companies Solved over your email. All the best!

While Loop Program in Java

Last Updated on September 22, 2023 by Mayank Dham

The while loop program in Java is a pivotal construct that empowers programmers to execute a block of code repeatedly as long as a specified condition remains true. Like a flowchart directing a series of decisions, the "while" loop guides the program’s flow, offering flexibility and efficiency. This article delves into the mechanics of the "while" loop, encompassing its concept, Java implementation, and a comprehensive program example. Whether you’re a novice seeking to grasp loop fundamentals or a programmer aiming to bolster your Java skills, this article elucidates the dynamic world of "while" loops and their significance in programming.

What is looping?

Looping is the process of continually executing a statement or set of statements up until the condition is met. In this instance, the loop’s execution ends when the condition becomes false. Iteration statements are known as loops because of the way they repeat the execution of the statements in a circular pattern.

Why do we need looping?

Code repetition is the loop’s primary goal. When repeats are necessary during implementation, looping should be used instead of repeatedly writing the same statements.
Looping or iteration Statements:
Loops are produced by iteration statements in a program. Iteration is the process of repeatedly running the same piece of code until a predetermined condition is met. The same instructions are carried out by iteration statements up until a termination condition is satisfied. The iteration statements loop in Java is as follows:

  • while loop
  • for loop
  • do-while loop

What is a While Loop in Java Language:

As long as the condition is true, a loop simply repeats a block of instructions. As long as the stated condition is true, it will repeat whatever many times it wants to. The loop will stop running if the condition is met.
While loops are employed to execute statements up until a specified condition returns false continually. A single remark or a group of statements are both acceptable in this context. Any expression that meets the criterion is true, and a nonzero value does too. While the condition is true, the loop iterates. You can understand the while loop more clearly if you view the syntax and flowchart side by side.

While Loop Syntax in Java Language:

Following is the syntax to use the while loop in Java Programming Language.

while (condition){    
//code to be executed   
 increment/decrement statement  

When using a while loop, we must first verify the condition. If the condition is true, the control will move inside the body of the loop, if the condition is false, the control will move outside the loop.
When using an iteration statement, the control is returned to the condition after the body has been executed until the condition becomes false. An endless loop will result if the condition is true.
The flow is distinct from the if condition, although it is comparable to the if condition, just condition, and statements. The flowchart enables us to comprehend how it differs.


Flow Chart of While Loop in Java Language:

The following diagram shows the flow chart of the while loop.

The flowchart will begin. The oval sign denotes the beginning. The condition will then be checked. Every condition, as was previously explained, has two outputs: true and false. We must determine if the predictions of what will occur are correct or untrue.

All statements defined inside the block (inside the while loop block) will be executed if the condition is true. Will it come to an end when the statements are executed? It won’t end, no. Following the execution of the statements, it will once again go and verify the condition. As long as the specified condition is true, the identical procedure will be repeated. If the assumption is incorrect, the sentence will come to an end. This is how a while loop might operate.

Program to Understand While loop in Java Language:

/* package whatever; // don't place package name! */

import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;

/* Name of the class has to be "Main" only if the class is public. */
class Buddy
    public static void main (String[] args) throws java.lang.Exception
        // your code goes here
        int a = 1;
    //return 0;

The variable is given a value of 1 during initialization, and the condition is then verified. If the condition returns true, the statements included in the while loop’s body are carried out; otherwise, control is transferred outside of the loop. The ++ operator is used to increase the value of a before it is once again examined for the loop condition.

Example to Print no 1 to 10 using a while loop in Java Language

class WhileExample {  
public static void main(String[] args) {  
    int i=1;  

The "while" loop in Java presents a powerful mechanism to iteratively execute code while adhering to a certain condition. Its adaptability and potential for concise coding make it a cornerstone of programming. Whether you’re validating user input, traversing data structures, or addressing countless other scenarios, the "while" loop shines as a versatile tool. However, it’s crucial to ensure that the loop’s termination condition is met to prevent infinite loops that can crash a program. By harnessing the "while" loop’s capabilities, programmers can create efficient and responsive code that dynamically adapts to changing conditions.

FAQ related to while loop program in Java

1. How does the "while" loop work?
The loop begins by evaluating the condition. If the condition is true, the code within the loop is executed. After the code execution, the condition is re-evaluated. If still true, the loop continues; otherwise, it terminates.

2. What happens if the loop’s condition is false from the start?
If the loop’s condition is false from the start, the code within the loop will never execute. The loop will exit immediately, and the code after the loop will continue to execute.

3. How do I prevent infinite loops with "while" loops?
To prevent infinite loops, ensure that the condition within the "while" loop becomes false at some point during its execution. This might involve modifying variables within the loop or using break statements.

4. Can I modify the loop’s condition within the loop itself?
Yes, you can modify the loop’s condition within the loop’s block of code. However, be cautious while doing so, as it can affect the loop’s execution flow.

5. Can I use "while" loops to iterate over arrays or collections?
Yes, "while" loops can be used to iterate over arrays or collections by incrementing an index variable while the condition checks if the index is within bounds.

Other Java Programs

Java Program to Add Two Numbers
Java Program to Check Prime Number
Java Program to Check Whether a Number is a Palindrome or Not
Java Program to Find the Factorial of a Number
Java Program to Reverse a Number
Java Program to search an element in a Linked List
Program to convert ArrayList to LinkedList in Java
Java Program to Reverse a linked list
Java Program to search an element in a Linked List
Anagram Program in Java
Inheritance Program in Java
Even Odd Program in Java
Hello World Program in Java
If else Program in Java
Binary Search Program in Java
Linear Search Program in Java
Menu Driven Program in Java
Package Program in Java
Leap Year Program in Java
Array Programs in Java
Linked List Program in Java
String Programs in Java
Star Program in Java
Number Pattern Program in Java
For Loop Program In Java
Pattern Program in Java
String Palindrome Program in Java
Thread Program in JAVA
Java Scanner Program

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *